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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Metabolism of streptomycin sensitive and streptomycin resistant Escherichia coli. found in the catalog.

Metabolism of streptomycin sensitive and streptomycin resistant Escherichia coli.

Wayne Arthur Ford Timpkins

Metabolism of streptomycin sensitive and streptomycin resistant Escherichia coli.

by Wayne Arthur Ford Timpkins

  • 161 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published in [Toronto] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Streptomycin,
  • Bacillus coli communis,
  • Metabolism

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsToronto, Ont. University.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsLE3 T525 MA 1964 T65
    The Physical Object
    Pagination157 leaves.
    Number of Pages157
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14745636M

    In one study, conducted in Ontario, Canada, the authors showed that the most common bacteria identified on urine culture over a 5 year period were Escherichia coli (%), Enterococcus spp. (%), and Klebsiella spp. (%) and that these bacteria were frequently resistant to ampicillin (%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) ( When grown on medium containing streptomycin, bacteria such as Escherichia coli are dependent upon expression of the aadA gene in order to survive (Joung et al., ). Thus, a suitably engineered E. coli strain, can be combined with a streptomycin-doped medium to select only bacteria hosting a successful interaction in two-hybrid screening.

      Streptomycin has been shown to be active against most strains of the following organisms both in vitro and in clinical infection. (See INDICATIONS AND USAGE.): Brucella (brucellosis), Calymmatobacterium granulomatis (donovanosis, granuloma inguinale), Escherichia coli, Proteus spp., Aerobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and. STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF STREPTOMYCIN ON E. COLI BY DIRECT AGAR MICROSCOPY. Aksel Stenderup. UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF GENERAL PATHOLOGY, COPENHAGEN, DENMARK (DIRECTOR: PROFESSOR K. A. JENSEN, M.D.) Search for .

    ‘Treatment is with tetracycline (as doxycycline) and streptomycin for 6 weeks.’ ‘All the patients had bacilli sensitive to streptomycin, isoniazid and rifampicin initially.’ ‘The preferred and most effective drug of choice to treat tularemia is streptomycin or gentamicin.’. Streptomycin was the first antibiotic developed to treat tuberculosis yet until recently, scientists did not completely understand how it works at the molecular level. At Brookhaven’s NSLS, researchers have used x-ray crystallography to complete the picture.


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Metabolism of streptomycin sensitive and streptomycin resistant Escherichia coli by Wayne Arthur Ford Timpkins Download PDF EPUB FB2

DAVIES JE. STUDIES ON THE RIBOSOMES OF STREPTOMYCIN-SENSITIVE AND RESISTANT STRAINS OF ESCHERICHIA COLI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.

Apr; – [PMC free article] COX EC, WHITE JR, FLAKS JG. STREPTOMYCIN ACTION AND THE RIBOSOME. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Apr; – [PMC free article] FEINGOLD DS, DAVIS by: The effect of streptomycin on the synthesis of protein by streptomycin-sensitive, resistant- and dependent- mutants of Escherichia coli has been studied.

The effect of streptomycin on sensitive cells was examined under conditions which did not affect the viability of the by: Abstract. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic background for streptomycin resistance in Escherichia coli and perform analysis of the MICs in relation to genetic background.

Methods: The strains investigated, with streptomycin MICs of ≥16 mg/L, originated from meat and meat products and were collected within the frame of the Norwegian monitoring programme for Cited by: The exposure of Escherichia coli ML 35, a strain which is cryptic and constitutive for β-galactosidase (β-D-galactoside-galactohydrolase, EC ), to streptomycin permitted the isolation of streptomycin-resistant of these mutants also acquired the ability to produce high levels of alkaline phosphatase (orthophosphoric monoester-phosphohydrolase, EC under conditions Cited by: 4.

Streptomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections. This includes tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, endocarditis, brucellosis, Burkholderia infection, plague, tularemia, and rat bite fever.

For active tuberculosis it is often given together with isoniazid, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide. It is given by injection into a vein or ncy category: US: D (Evidence of risk). The mutants were streptomycin sensitive and streptomycin resistant with a medelian and a uniparental pattern of inheritance of streptomycin resistance.

At low ionic strength, the dissociation of the S ribosomes from the sensitive and the mendelian- resistant strain is greater and their dimerisation smaller than in the uniparental mutant.

coli, a bar (/) indicates " resistant to," and the symbols following bar stand for materials to which the mutant of strain B is resistant. Thus B/S is a mutant of strain B resistant to streptomycin; B/Sd is a mutant not only resistant to but dependent on streptomycin.

Numbers indicate phages of the T. The mechanism of phenotypically altered SM resistance in mutants ofEscherichia coli JC (RldrdKm-)lrs and JC (pON) was compared with that of the standard strain JC(@#@ RldrdKm-).

On analyzing the membrane polypeptides in polyacrylamide gel both mutants were found to possess a protein spectrum different from that of the standard strain.

Effect of growth rate on streptomycin accumulation by Escherichia coli and Bacillus megaterium. Muir ME, van Heeswyck RS, Wallace BJ. The rate of accumulation of streptomycin by streptomycin-sensitive strains of Escherichia coli and Bacillus megaterium, grown in chemostats, was related to the growth rate prior to addition of the antibiotic.

alkaline phosphatases from Escherichia coli (t,ype III) and calf intestinal mucosa (type VII) came from Sigma. WDihydro- streptomycin ( Ci per mole), labeled at position 3’ of the dihydrostreptose moiety, and [email protected]*P ( Ci per mole on receipt) came from Amersharn-Searle, Des Plaints, Illinois.

coli cells transformed with the mutated plasmid were resistant to streptomycin. The mutated ribosomes isolated from these cells were not stimulated by streptomycin to misread the message in a. Manufacturer: Contemporary Products 25% Streptomycin Sulfate Oral Veterinary Solution. Each ml contains mg.

streptomycin (as sulfate). STREPTOMYCIN ORAL SOLUTION is indicated as an aid in the treatment of certain enteric diseases in which streptomycin-sensitive coliform bacteria (Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, etc.) are implicated as either the cause or important complicating.

Streptomycin, antibiotic synthesized by the soil organism Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin was discovered by American biochemists Selman Waksman, Albert Schatz, and Elizabeth Bugie in The drug acts by interfering with the ability of a microorganism to synthesize certain vital proteins.

Abstract. Streptomycin (Sm), the first nontoxic broad spectrum antibiotic also effective against the tubercle bacillus, was isolated from Streptomyces griseus by S chatz, B ugie, and W aksman in The structures of Sm and several of its active derivatives are shown in Fig.

Streptococcal endocarditis; in penicillin-sensitive alpha and non-hemolytic streptococcal endocarditis (penicillin MIC streptomycin may be used for 2-week treatment concomitantly with penicillin. The streptomycin regimen is 1 g b.i.d.

for the first week, and mg b.i.d. for the second week. Streptococcal endocarditis; in penicillin-sensitive alpha and non-hemolytic streptococcal endocarditis (penicillin MIC ≤ mcg/mL), streptomycin may be used for 2-week treatment concomitantly with penicillin.

The streptomycin regimen is 1 g b.i.d. for the first week, and mg b.i.d. for the second week. If the patient is over 60 years of. 44 The Action of Streptomycin in vivo European J.

Riochem. F1 1 I 1 50 I I 1 I C - 12 6 g z l a- 00 f 5 4 02 Time aftw dihydrostreptornycin Timeafter filtration (min) Time after dihydktreptomycin addition (min) addition (rnin) Fig.l. Effect of dihydrostreptomycin added during aerobic growth of Escherichia coli B on subsequent growth rates after.

In this article we will discuss about: 1. Introduction to Streptomycin 2. Chemical Structure of Streptomycin 3. Biosynthesis 4. Fermentation Process 5. Uses of Streptomycin. Introduction to Streptomycin: Streptomycin, produced by streptomyces griseus is active against Gram (-) ve bacteria and against tuberculosis bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

However, it proved to be useful in. It is also active against Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, gonococci, and menin-gococci but is not active against fungi, protozoans, anaerobic microbes, spirochetes, rickettsiae, or viruses. Attaching itself to ribosomes in the bacterial cell, streptomycin interferes with the reading of the genetic code and inhibits.

streptomycin antibiotic was done by paper chromatography using selected strains of bacteria by measuring the zone of inhibition. Among all the bacterial strains studied, the highest zone of inhibition was measured against E. coli whereas lowest was measured against S.

aureus after 24 hrs in. Organism Required for Streptomycin Production. Streptococcus griseus is an actinomycete which is used for the preparation of ky was the first scientist who has isolated s at the time of 1 st world war from the Russian soil.

s is commonly present in the soil and is gram-negative bacteria.For E. coli streptomycin greater or equal to 50 mg/liter should do. Agrobacterium has a very high frequency of spontaneous resistance to streptomycin. I would not attempt to use it.Twenty-three spontaneous streptomycin dependent (Sm[sup d]) Escherichia coli K12 mutants were isolated from a log phase culture of wild-type streptomycin sensitive (Sm[sup s]) Escherichia coli K The metabolism of these mutants was characterized by a state of relaxed catabolite repression during growth on glucose.

One of the more readily defined characteristics of these mutants is the loss.